Statutes of Association

Original JPEG (Joint Photographic Experts Group) Heritage Association

Name and headquarters

Article 1

The Original JPEG Heritage Association is a non-profit association governed by the present statutes and, secondly, by Articles 60 et seq. of the Swiss Civil Code. It is neutral politically, and non-denominational.

Article 2

The Organization's headquarters is Geneva, but its working is virtual on the Internet. It is governed by the Swiss Civil Code. The Association shall be of unlimited duration.


Article 3

The Association shall pursue the following aim(s):


Article 4

The Association's resources are derived from: The funds shall be used in accordance with the Association's social aims.


Article 5

Any physical person who has participated in the work of the Original JPEG between 1986 and 1993 may become a member if they have demonstrated their dedication to the goals of the Association through their commitments or actions. Applications in writing has to be addressed to the Board of the Association.

The Association comprises of the following membership classes:

Participation is free of charge.

Requests to become a member must be addressed to the Board. The Board admits new members and informs the General Assembly accordingly.

Membership ceases:

Members who have resigned or who are excluded have no rights to any part of the Association's assets.

Only the Association's assets may be used for obligations/commitments contracted in its name. Members have no personal liability.


Article 6

The Association shall include the following organs:
  1. General Assembly,
  2. Board,
  3. Secretariat (as minimum the Secretary General).

General Assembly

Article 7

The General Assembly is the Association's supreme authority. It is composed of all the members.

It shall hold an Ordinary Meeting at least once each year. It may also hold an extraordinary session whenever necessary, at the request of the Board or at least of one-fifth of its members. The Ordinary Meetings can be either face-to-face, electronic or mixed. Participation to all meetings can be physical and/or if available electronically. The General Assembly shall be considered valid regardless of the number of members present.

The Secretary General shall inform the members in writing of the date of the General Assembly at least four weeks in advance. The notification, including the proposed agenda, shall be sent to each member at least 10 days prior to the date of the meeting.

Article 8

The General Assembly:

Article 9

The General Assembly is presided over by the President or by a Proxy acting for the President.

Article 10

Decisions of the General Assembly shall be taken by a majority vote of the members present. In case of deadlock, the President shall have the casting vote. Decisions concerning the amendment of the Statutes and the dissolution of the Association must be approved by a two-third majority of the members present.

Article 11

Votes are by a show of hands. Voting can also take place by secret ballot, if at least five members request it.

Article 12

The agenda of the ordinary annual session of the General Assembly must include:


Article 13

The Board is authorized to carry out all acts that further the purposes of the Association. It has the most extensive powers to manage the Association's day-to-day affairs. It can handle membership applications.

Article 14

The Board is composed of at least three members elected by the General Assembly. Each member's term of office shall last for a year and it is renewable in case of reelection. The Board meets as often as the Association's business requires.

Article 15

The Board members work on a volunteer basis and as such may only be reimbursed for their actual expenses and travel costs (this is only relevant in case of an approved budget).

Article 16

The functions of the Board are:


Article 17

Each year the General Assembly appoints an auditors. It may also entrust this task to a fiduciary company (this is only relevant if there is a yearly approved budget). The auditors shall check the operating and annual accounts prepared by the Secretariat and present a written and detailed report to the annual ordinary general meeting (this is only relevant if there was a yearly approved budget).

Signature and representation

Article 18

The Association is legally bound by the individual signature of the President or his designated proxy.

Various provisions

Article 19

The financial year shall begin on 1 January and end on 31 December of each year.

Article 20

Should the Association be dissolved, the available assets (if any) should be transferred to a non-profit organization pursuing public interest goals similar to those of the Association and likewise benefiting from tax exemption. Under no circumstances should the assets be returned to the founders or members. Nor should they use a part or a total of assets for their own benefit.


Article 21

Any dispute arising during the life of the Association or during its dissolution either between the members of the Association and its Management or between the members and the Association or between the members themselves as a consequence of the Association's activity shall be decided upon by the Courts of Switzerland. Swiss law is applicable in all cases. The present Statutes have been approved by the Constituent General Assembly of December 22, 2019 at a General Assembly meeting conducted via Skype Conference Call.

For the Association

President Secretary General
Dr. István Sebestyén Birger Niss

December 23, 2019

1. JPEG was created by a small number of industry-leading engineers in November 1986 to develop and design the photographic image compression / decompression algorithm that was taken as basis for the subsequent formal international standard ITU-T T.81¦ISO/IEC 10918-1. The work of the Original JPEG was initiated and overseen by members of the formal standardization organizations ITU, ISO and IEC, but it was an independent group with its own structure, management, policies and documentation. The rational for the creation of JPEG was that in 1986 no joint ISO/IEC/ITU policy existed for developing joint text standards and to carry out common standardization work. Such policy was developed years later by a special ITU/ISO/IEC group and the policy has been approved by all participating SDOs by March 1993. That date can also be regarded the formal end of the “Original JPEG”.

2. This is a placeholder. Operation of the Association is envisaged using voluntary resources without involving dedicated financial resources. Therefore the Association has no plans for budget and related auditors.